HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DAN PERAN TENAGA KEFARMASIAN TERHADAP KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT ANTIHIPERTENSI

Indonesia

  • Dewi Puspita Apsari Universitas Bali Internasional
  • I Gusti Ngurah Manik Satria Wibawa Putra Universitas Bali Internasional
  • Ida Bagus N Maharjana Universitas Bali Internasional
Keywords: dukungan keluarga, hipertensi, kepatuhan, peran tenaga kefarmasian, adherence, family support, hypertension, pharmacist role

Abstract

Abstrak : Hipertensi yang tidak terkontrol dapat mengakibatkan berbagai macam komplikasi. Ketidakpatuhan terhadap pengobatan adalah salah satu penyebab hipertensi tidak terkontrol. Dukungan keluarga dan peran tenaga kefarmasian yang tinggi merupakan faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kepatuhan pasien dalam menjalankan terapi hipertensi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan dukungan keluarga dan peran tenaga kefarmasian terhadap kepatuhan minum obat antihipertensi di Puskesmas. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret-Mei tahun 2020 dan populasi pada penelitian ini adalah 100 pasien hipertensi lansia yang melakukan pengobatan rawat jalan di Puskesmas Mengwi I. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji Rank Spearman. Hasil uji statistik yang dilakukan didapatkan hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,00) dan kuat (r=0,558) antara skor total dukungan keluarga terhadap kepatuhan minum obat antihipertensi pada 73 (73 %) responden. Selain itu juga pada peran tenaga kefarmasian, terlihat hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,00) antara penyediaan informasi, konseling pengobatan dan gaya komunikasi tenaga farmasi terhadap kepatuhan minum obat antihipertensi. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa dukungan keluarga dan peran tenaga kefarmasian berpengaruh signifkan terhadap kepatuhan minum obat antihipertensi di Puskesmas Mengwi I.

Abstract: Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to various complications. Nonadherence to therapeutic plans has been reported for uncontrolled hypertension. Family support and pharmacist role are factors that can affect patient adherence in carrying out hypertension therapy.  The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and pharmacist role with adherence therapeutic plans. The study was conducted in March-May 2020 and the population in this study were  100 hypertensive adult respondents who were undergoing outpatient treatment at Primary Health Care Mengwi I. Data analysis was performed by means of univariate and bivariate using Rank Spearman. Statistical test results found that there is a significant (p=0,00) and strong (r=0,558) relationship between total score family support with adherence hypertension therapy. In addition, there is a significant (p=0,00) between drug information, counseling, and communication styles of pharmacists with adherence to hypertension therapy. From the research results, it can be concluded that family support and pharmacist role have a significant effect on adherence to hypertension therapy in Primary Health Care Mengwi I.

Author Biographies

Dewi Puspita Apsari, Universitas Bali Internasional

Program Studi Farmasi Klinis

I Gusti Ngurah Manik Satria Wibawa Putra, Universitas Bali Internasional

Program Studi Farmasi Klinis

Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan

Ida Bagus N Maharjana, Universitas Bali Internasional

Program Studi Farmasi Klinis

Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan

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Published
2021-03-31
How to Cite
Apsari, D. P., Putra, I. G. N. M. S. W., & Maharjana, I. B. N. (2021). HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DAN PERAN TENAGA KEFARMASIAN TERHADAP KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT ANTIHIPERTENSI . Jurnal Ilmiah Medicamento, 7(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.36733/medicamento.v7i1.1499