Analysis of Figurative Language in Taylor Swift’s Song “Fearless” Album


  • Felisia Elsawati Mahasaraswati Denpasar University
  • I Dewa Ayu Devi Maharani Santika
  • Ni Nyoman Deni Ariyaningsih


This study aims to identify and analyze the types of figurative language and the meaning of figurative language found in the song lyrics of Taylor Swift's album "Fearless." There are two theories used in the study. The first is the theory of figurative language from Knickerbocker and Reninger (1974), and the second is the theory of meaning by Leech (1981) to analyze the meaning of figurative language. The method used in this study is a qualitative method. The researcher found four types of figurative language used in Taylor Swift's songs, such as simile, hyperbole, synecdoche, and allusion. The data was collected by reading the lyrics of Taylor Swift’s song. As a result of this analysis, the researcher found 4 types of figurative language found in song lyrics. They were: simile consists of 1 or (17%), metaphor consists of 1 or (17%), hyperbole consists of 3 or (50%), synecdoche consists of 1 or (17%), allusion consists of 1 or (17). The most dominant type of figurative language found in those songs is hyperbole, with a percentage of 50%. Two out meaning of seven types of meaning used in those lyrics in order to understand the figurative language in those lyrics; they were connotative meaning and conceptual meaning.


Kennedy, (1983). Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry and Drama. Second Edition.

Bosten Little Brown And Company.

Knickerbocker, K. L and H. W. Reninger 1963. Interpreting Literature. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Leech, G. 1981. Semantic: The study of meaning Second Edition. England: Penguin Book.

Hornby, A.S. 2000.Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lyons, John. 1984. Language and Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Charles W. Krediler. 1998. Introducing English Semantic. London: Routledge.

Yovita, P. S. H. (2019). An analysis of figurative language used in the song lyrics of Katy Perry’s album entitled witness. Denpasar. STIBA Saraswati Denpasar

Permana, I.G.A.K. and Rajeg, I.M. 2018. Figurative language in song lyric of passenger’s album All the Little Light. Journal. Faculty of Art, Undayana University

Dewi,S.R. and Bloner.S.H. 2021. An analysis of figurative language in Michel Jackson song Lyric. Journal. English Education. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education. University HKB Nommensen

Hayawati, M. and Havid, A. 2020. An analysis of figurative language in the song Lyric by saif Adam. Journal. English Litrature. Faculty of Art, university Negeri Padang.