• Ni Kadek Suciani Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
  • I Ketut Wardana Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
  • I Nengah Astawa Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar


KWL strategy, reading comprehension


Most students who are studying English have difficulty identifying general information, specific information, and textual meaning and reference because they lack vocabulary. Therefore, an appropriate and effective teaching strategy should enable the students to improve their reading comprehension. The present study attempts to find out if the reading comprehension of the eighth-grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Ubud in the academic year 2020/2021 could be improved through KWL strategy combined with pictures. This research made use of a classroom action design by running two cycles and each cycle consisted of two sessions. running two cycles and each cycle consisted of two sessions. This research was done in two cycles and each cycle consisted of two sessions. The research administered pre-test, post-test, and questionnaire in order to collect the data before they were analyzed.  The findings of the research revealed that there were significant improvements in subjects' achievement from the pre-test and post-test. From the questionnaire that was administered in the last cycle, the students gained positive responses in terms of their changing learning behavior toward the application of KWL strategy. Based on the findings of the study, the student’s reading comprehension can be improved through KWL strategy combined with the picture.


Alderson, J. C. (2000). Assessing Reading. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Arends, R. I., and Kilcher, A. (2010). Teaching for student Learning Becoming an Accomplished Teacher. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., and Sorenson, C. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education Eighth Edition. Belmont: Wadsworth.

Blachowicz, C. And Ogle, D. (2008). Reading Comprehension Strategies for Independent Learners. Second Edition. New York: Guilford Press.

Boardman. (2008). Effective Insruction for Adolescent Struggling Readers. Porsmouth: Rme Research Corporation, Center on Instruction.

Brown, H. D. (2004). Language Assessment Principles and Classroom Practice. New York: Longman.Ltd.

Burke, E. (2005). On Target: Reading Strategies to Guide Learning Grades 4-12. Rapid City: Black Hills Special Services Cooperative (BHSSC).

Burns, A. (2010). Doing Action Research in English Language Teaching a Guide for Practitioners. New York: Routledge.

Camille, B. (2008). Reading Comprehension Strategies and independent. New York: The Guilford Press.

Dawson, C. (2002). Practical Research Methods. Oxford: Deer Park Productions.

Handini,N.K.M. (2018) Improving Reading Comprehension of the Eighth Grade Students of SMPN 1 Kuta Utara in academic year 2017/2018 through KWL Strategy.

Harmer, J. (2001). How to Teach English: An Introduction tp the Practice of English Language Teaching. Cambridge: Longman.Ltd.

Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Cambridge: Longman.Ltd.

Klinger,J,K, Vaugh,S., and Boardman, A, (2007). Teaching Reading Comprehension to Students with Learning Difficulties, New York The Guildford Press.

Kloock, T. C., Garza, E. Borrego. I., and Hirai, D. L. C. (2010). Academic LanguageLiteracy Strategies for Adolescents A ~1. New York: Routledge. McNamara, D. S. (2007). Reading Comprehension Strategies, Theories, Interventions, and Technologies. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Nunan, D. (2005). Practical English Language Teaching: Young Learners. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Pang, E. S., Muaka, A., Bernbardt E. B., and Kamil, M. L. (2003). Teaching Reading. Brussels: IAE.

Patel, D. M. F., and Jain P. M. (2008). English Language Teaching: Methods, Tools & Techniques. Jaipur: Sunrise Publishers & Distributors.

Pollard, L. (2008). Guide to Teaching English. A book to help you through your first two years in teaching. London: Lucy Pollard.

Raymond J.W, Margery B.G. (2010). Teaching Intensive and Accelerated Courses. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.

Sadoski, M. (2004). Conceptual of Foundations of Teaching Reading. London: The Guilford Press.

Smith, F. (2004). Understanding Reading: A Psycholinguistics Analysis of Reading and Learning to Read. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate, Inc.

Snow, C. E. (2002). Reading for Understanding: Toward a Research and Development Program in Reading Comprehension. Pittsburgh: RAND.

Suwarnata, I W. (2017). Improving Reading Comprehension of the Tenth Grade Students of SMAN 2 Denpasar in Academic Year 2016/2017 through KWL. (Unpublished Thesis). Mahasaraswati Denpasar University, Denpasar.

Westwood, P. (2008). What teachers need to know about Teaching Method. Victoria: ACER Press.

Willis, M. D. J. (2008). Teaching the Brain to Read (Strategies for Improving Fluency, Vocabulary, and Comprehension). Alexandria: ASCD.

Wardana, I. K., Astuti, P. S., & Sukanadi, N. L. (2020). Sikap Belajar dan Kemahiran Bahasa Inggris Karyawan Mexicola Melalui Pelatihan Berbasis Pelibatan Terintegrasi. Jurnal Bakti Saraswati (JBS): Media Publikasi Penelitian dan Penerapan Ipteks, 9(1).

Wardana, I. K., Dharmayanti, P. A. P., & Arsana, A. A. P. (2022). ELT lecturers’ communicative language teaching approach in directing students’ emotions in distance learning. Studies in English Language and Education, 9(3), 1071-1092.