SYLLABUS DESIGN FOR COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN LANGUAGE TEACHING
Keywords:Communicative Competence, Audiolingual approach, linguistic environment, Functional Syllabus
Communicative competence approach in Indonesia has been applied in junior and senior high school. It emerged due to the fact that the audio-lingual approach has been regarded to be a failure. This can be seen from the graduates’ inability to use the language for communication in real situations. It is said that this approach is very successfully applied in Europe; but in Indonesia, it is still a big question, since the situation and condition are very much different from that of European countries. The obstacles existing in Indonesia are; big classes, linguistic environment, teachers’ inability to use English, time allotment, etc. One thing for sure is that however successful an approach in some developed countries is, it is quite possible this approach might be a failure when applied in Indonesia due to some different conditions and situations as stated above. Consequently, it is advisable for the English teachers to be selective in choosing which approach is suitable for teaching what so that we do not always get confused with the mode of language teaching which very often changes in foreign countries.
Ali Mustadi (2012) Communicative Competence based language Teaching. An English Course Design for PGSD. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.
Canale, Michael, and Merrill Swain.( 1980). "Theoretical bases of com-municative approaches to second language teaching and testing." Applied linguistics 1.1.
Harmer, Jeremy. (2007). How to Teach English. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
Hymes, Dell, (1972) “On Communicative Competence”, Sociolinguistic, ed. By J.B. Bridge and J Holmes, Harmondworth, Pinguin.
Hotnida, et al (2015). Episteme Journal of Linguistics and Literature, Vol. 1 No. 2 2015. Unhas.
Krashen, Stephen D., and Tracy D. Terrell.(1983) "The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom."
Kridalaksana, Harimurti, (1983) Kamus Linguistik, Gramedia, Jakarta.
Paulson, Christina Bratt, (1979). Communicative Competence and Language Teaching, Guidelines, RECL Journal Supplement, no. 1 June 1979.
Sabri Thabit Saleh Ahmed ( 2018). The Creative Launcher An international, Open Access, Peer Review, Refereed, E-Journal in English. UGC Approved Vol. 2 Issue VI (February 2018).
Sadtono, E, (1982) Kompetensi Komunikatif : Mau ke Mana?, Jakarta, Lembaga Bahasa & FKIP Unika Atma Jaya.
Salimbene, Suzanne (1983). From structurally based to Functionally based Approaches to Language Teaching, Forum Vol. XXI January 1983, No. 1.
Savignon, Sandra J. (1978). Teaching for Communication, Forum Vol. XVI. April 1978 No. 2.
Segalowitz, N. (1976). (Communicative Incompetence and the non-Bilingual). Canadian Journal of Behavior Science, 8: 122-131.
Widdowson,H.G, Ceiper (1978) . Teaching Language as Communicationi, Oxford University Press.
Wilkin , David Arthur (2009) Linguistics in Language Teaching. Michigan : University of Michigan.