Environmental impact of recycling plastic from waste banks in Surabaya, Indonesia
The waste bank is one of the formal sectors in the effort to reduce waste in the city of Surabaya. East Surabaya has 100 active waste banks, but there are 32 inactive waste banks. Plastic waste management in East Surabaya cannot be separated from the role of the formal and informal sectors. The waste bank activities support the waste recycling process and circular
economy in the city of Surabaya. Plastic waste recycling activities can reduce waste but still have an impact on the environment. The purpose of this research is to analyze the environmental impact associated with recycling plastic waste through waste banks. The data collection method in this research is through surveys to waste banks, BSI, small scrap dealers, Large-scale
enterprises, and recycling industries. The results of direct interviews can determine the process, generation, residue, and distribution of recycled waste. The process carried out, and the resulting residue was analyzed using the IPCC and journals to determine the resulting environmental impact. The results showed that plastic recycling through waste banks causes emissions to
the environment. A total of 17.18 tonnes of plastic (0.11% of the total plastic waste in East Surabaya) resulted in GHG emissions of 74.19-74.34 tonnes of CO2e.