Nutrition Bali Holy Medicinal Plants For General and Orodental Health

  • I Gusti Ayu Ari Agung Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Jl. Kamboja no 11A, Denpasar, 80233, Indonesia
  • I Gusti Ngurah Alit Wiswasta Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Jl. Kamboja no 11A, Denpasar, 80233, Indonesia
  • D. M. Wedagama Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Jl. Kamboja no 11A, Denpasar, 80233, Indonesia
Keywords: Nutrition, Holy Medicinal Plants, Orodental Health


Bali holy plants as functional food, always there as a means of ceremonial prayer, but not unusual for consumption. Dental and oral health is very important and is related to overall health. There are 38 traditional Bali medicinal plants being studied. Though this plant is grown in almost every home and grows fertile, but not yet used as a fuctional food or health therapy. Apparently still a little bit is researching nutrition Bali holy medicinal plants for general and orodental health. This study learns the nutritional assorted of holy medicinal plants efficacious traditional Balinese medicine that efficacious for general and orodental health. This study was conducted for two months, and aims to determine the type of plant or plant species, part of the plant used, and the type of nutrients it contains. This research is an observation research, by reviewing the holy plants that have been used for health and therapy at least, data is taken through interview, the result is described (reviewed) with articles in e-library such as PubMed, EBSCO and others. The results of this study found a number of four holy plants which has been used for medicinal properties, including base (sirih) (Piper betle L.), buah (pinang) (Areca catechu L.), selasih miik (tulasi)(Ocimum sanctum L.), jepun (kamboja) (Plumeria sp.). The essential nutrients contained are proteins, vitamins beta carotene (provitamin A), B, C, D, E, K, minerals of calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, iodine, fluoride, sulfur, manganese and chlorophyll. The most nutrient content found in the leaves, after that in the flowers and lastly in fruit or seeds.


Download data is not yet available.


Andrade, Catto, AM. (2005). Mexican Plants with Hypoglycaemic Effect used in the Treatment of Diabetes. J. Ethnopharmacol, 99: 325-348.
Ari Agung, IGA. (2017a). Tumbuhan Obat Tradisional Bali untuk Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (Penerapan Konsep THK). Denpasar. Unmas Press.
Ari Agung I G.A. (2017b). The Nutrition and Bioactive Substance of Ocimum Sanctum L. (Tulasi) Tea, Can Be Healthy, Refreshing, and Soothing, Support Culinary Tourism. Proceedings ApacCHRIE& Youth Conference 2017 : 275-282.
Ari Agung, IGA. (2018). Nutrition and Health Benefit Tulasi (Ocimum Sanctum L.) in General and Orodental Low Cost Medicine. JBE, 5 (2). New York
Arambewela, LSR, Arawwawala, LDAM, Ratnasooriya, WD. (2004). Gastro protective activities of Sri Lankan Piper Betle leaf extracts in rats. SLAAS 60th Annual Session. 117.
Bhat, S.K., M. Sarpangala, D. Ashwin. (2017). Antilipidemic activity of arecanut, Areca catechu L. : A valuable herbal medicine. International Journal of Herbal Medicine. 5 (1) : 35-38
Chaurasia, A. (2015). Tulsi-A Promising Herb in Dentistry. Journal of Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, 1 (1): 21-23.
Dabhadkar, DK., Zade, VS., Ronhankar, PH., Pare, SR., Wikhe, MA. (2012). Estrogenic and Anti-estrogenic Potentials of Ethanolic extract of plumeriarubraL. in Female Albino Rats. Global J. of Pharmacology, 6: 142-147.
Jaya Edy H, Marchaban, Wahyuono S, Nugroho AE. (2017). Formulation and Evaluation of Hydrogel Containing Tagetes L. Leaves Etanolic Extract. IJCIR.
Gopi, J., Khatri, P., Singh, N., Gaud, H., Patel, R. (2011). Phytochemical and pharmacological Potential of plumeriarubraL. : A Review International J of Pharmaceutical Science, 3 : 1162-1168.
Hollist, N.O. (2004). A Collection of Traditional Yoruba Oral and Dental Medicaments, Book Binders, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Keshavabhat, S., S. Mythri, D. Ashwin. (2016). Anthelmintic property of arecanutArecacatehuL. A review. Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18 (2) : 20-27.
Mudjosemedi, M. (2005). JenteraIlmuKedokteran Gigi, Sumbangannya di Masadepan. FKG UGM. Yogyakarta.
Pandey, G, Madhuri, S. (2010). Pharmacological Activities of Ocimum Sanctum (Tulsi) : A Review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, Vol. 5(1), 61-65.
Pradhan D, Suri KA, Pradhan DK, Biswasroy P. (2013). Golden Heart of Nature : Piper betle L. J. of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1 (6). 147
Shah, SK., Garg, G., Jhade, D., Patel, N. (2016).PiperBetle : phytochemical and Nutrional Value in Health management. Int. J Pharm. Sci. rev. res, 38 (2) : 181.
Shanti, PR. (2009). Phytochemical Studies on Flowers of Plumeriaalba. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 21 (3): 2259-2262.
Surono, A. (2016). Rahasia Herbal, KeluargaSehat. Jakarta. PT IntisariMediatama
Sharma,RK.,Goyal A., KandBhat RA. (2013). Antifertility Activity of Plants Extracts on Female Reproduction : A Review .IJPBS, 3: 493-514.
Yasin, BY. (2016). 15ManfaatdanKhasiatBuah Pinang untukKesehatan.
Last Accessed 19 May 2018.
Verma, S., Gupta, M.L., Dutta, A., Sankhwar,S.,Shukla, S.K., and Flora, S.J. (2010). Modulationof ionizing radiation induced oxidative imbalance by semi-fractionated extract of Piper betel : an in vitro and in vivo assessment Oxid. Med. Cell. Longev, 3(1): 44-45.
Bhat, KS.,Aswin, D. , Mythri, S., Sukesh, B. (2017). Arecanut (Areca catechu L.) is not Carcinogenic but cures cancer : A Bibliography.
Cohen, M. (2017). Tulasi : First Aid in a Teacup. Article.pdf.
Sharma, SK., Kumar, N. (2012). Antimicrobial Potential of Plumeriarubra syn., Plumeriaacutifoliabark. Der. Pharma. Chemica, 4: 1591-1593.
Singh, S., Malhotra, M., Majumdar, D.K. (2005). Antibacterial Activity of Ocimum sanctum L. Fixed Oil. Indian Journal Exp Biology, Vol. 43(9).
Tewari, D., Sah, AN., Pandey, HK.,Meena, HS. (2012). A Review on PhytoconstituentsofOcimum(Tulsi). IJAM, Vol. 3(1) : 103-107
Tohar, N., Awang, K., Moh, MA.,Jantan, I. (2006). Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Four Plumeria sp. Grown on Penpisular Malaysia. J. of Essential Oil Research, 18 : 613-617.
Wiswasta, IGNA. (2006). Balitaraditional tree medicinal drugs in orodental diseases. J. Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia, 56 (3) :101 - 105.
Yanpallewarr, S.U., Rai, S., Kumar, M., Acharya, S.B. (2014). Evaluation of antioxidant and neuroprotectiveeffectofOcimum sanctum on transient cerebral ischemia and long term cerebral hypoperfusion. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav.,Vol 79 (1): 155-164.